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Charge-Coupled Devices (CCD)

Introduction

A CCD is an integrated-circuit chip that contains an array of capacitors that store charge when light creates e-hole pairs. The charge accumulates and is read in a fixed time interval. CCDs are used in similar applications to other array detectors such as photodiode arrays, although the CCD is much more sensitive for measurement of low light levels.

Schematic of a CCD


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