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Cross-Reference of Surface Analytical Techniques


Many important chemical processes occur at the surface of a solid. Some examples include catalysis, electrochemistry, and adhesion. Understanding these processes requires an understanding of the composition and structure of the surfaces. The links listed below lead to descriptions of analytical techniques that can selectively characterize solid surfaces. They are divided into two categories: techniques that are primarily used for elemental analysis at surfaces, and techniques primarily used for surface imaging.

Related analytical techniques are in a cross-reference listing for bulk materials.

Electron Spectroscopies

Electron spectroscopies are used for elemental analysis of the surface of materials.

Molecular Spectroscopies

Raman and infrared spectroscopy can be used in a reflection geometry to characterize the molecules on a surface.

Surface diffraction and imaging techniques

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