Science Ethics Bibliography

Please note that this resouce is no longer updated. Last update 7/18/97. For more recent sources try one of the online search engines.

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General Topics
    Science and Ethics
    Misconduct in Science
    The Norms of Science
    Peer Review
    Scientific Credit
    The Myth of the Scientific Method
    Pathological Science
    Science & Our Government
    Ethics in Science Coursework
    General Resources
           Specific Disciplines and Cases
    Biology and Biotechnology
    The Baltimore Affair
    Breast Implants
    Cold Fusion
    Human Genome

Originally compiled by Vince Hamner. Updated by Brian Tissue. The [bracketed] identifier is the Library of Congress recommended call-number.

General Topics

Science & Ethics

B. Glass, "The Ethical Basis of Science" Science. Vol. 150. 1965, p. 1254. [Q1 S35]

C.E. Reagan, Ethics for Scientific Researchers, 2nd Ed. Springfield, Ill.: Thomas, 1971. [BJ57 R4 1971]

J.A. Knight, "Exploring the Compromise of Ethical Principles in Science" Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. Vol. 27, 1984, p. 432. [QH301 P4]

C. Ian Jackson, Honor in Science. Sigma Xi -- The Scientific Research Society. Triangle Park, North Carolina:, 1984.

N.H. Steneck, "Commentary: The University and Research Ethics" Science, Technology, & Human Values. Fall 1984. Vol. 9, #4, p. 6. [BJ57 N49].

R. Chalk, Ed., Science, Technology, and Society: Emerging Relationships. Papers from SCIENCE, 1949-1988. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1333H Street, NW, Washington DC 20005. AAAS Publication 88-12. 1988. [Q181 A1 A682 #88-12]

R. Eisner, Institutions Hustle to Meet NIH Ethics Training Mandate The Scientist. October 28, 1991, p. 1.

National Academy of Sciences. Panel on the Responsible Conduct of Science. Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 1992, p. 24. [Q180.55 M67 C66 1992]

R. Chalk, AAAS Professional Ethics Project: Professional ethics activities in the scientific and engineering societies. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1333H Street, NW, Washington DC 20005. [Q181 A1 A682 #80-R-4]

J.P. Swazey, M.S. Anderson, and K.S. Lewis. "Ethical Problems in Academic Research" American Scientist. Vol. 81, 1993, p. 542. [LJ85 S502]

P.S. Zurer, "Ethical Issues Underlying Responsible Conduct of Science Explored" Chemical & Engineering News. March 15, 1993, p. 7. [TP1 C35]

Summary of the 1993 Sigma Xi Forum Ethics, Values and the Promise of Science.

C. Anderson, "Academy Warns Against Slipping Ethics" Science. Vol. 263, Feb. 11, 1994, p. 747. [Q1 S35]

P. S. Zurer, "University, Government Officials Grapple With Scientific Integrity Issues" Chemical & Engineering News. June 27, 1994, p. 35. [TP1 C35]

B. Alberts and K. Shine, "Scientists and the Integrity of Research". Science. Vol. 266, December 9, 1994, p. 1660. [Q1 S35]

R.L. Penslar, Research Ethics. Indiana University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-253-34312-7 [Q180.55 M67 R46 1995]

F. Grinnell, "Ambiguity in the Practice of Science" Science 1996 April 19; 272 (5260):333 (in Editorial). [Q1 S35]

K. J. Ryan, "Scientific Imagination and Integrity" Science 1996 July 12; 273 (5272):163 (in Editorial). [Q1 S35]

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Misconduct in Science

C. Babbage, Reflections on the decline of science in England and some of its causes. Shannon, Ireland: Irish University Press, 1971. First published in 1830. [Q127 G4 B32 1971]

M. Roman. "When Good Scientists Turn Bad" Discover. Vol. 9, #4, p. 51. [Q1 D57]

H.K. Bechtel and W. Pearson. "Deviant scientists and scientific deviance". Deviant Behavior. Vol. 6, p. 237. [HM291 D486]

P. Medawar. "Is the scientific paper a fraud?" The Listener. September 12, 1963.

I. St. James-Roberts. "Are researchers trustworthy?" New Scientist. Vol. 71, September 2, 1976, p. 481. [Q1 N52]

I. St. James-Roberts. "Cheating in Science" New Scientist. Vol. 72, Nov. 25, 1976, p. 466. [Q1 N52]

W.J. Broad. "Fraud and the structure of science" Science. Vol. 212, 1981, p. 37. [Q1 S35]

W. Broad and N. Wade, Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science. New York, NY: Simon and Shuster, 1982, ISBN 0-671-49549-6 (paperback). [Q172.5 F7 B76 1982] (Betrayers of the Truth has been reviewed by: D.E. Chubin. "They Blinded Us With "Science"?" Science, Technology & Human Values. Vol. 8, Issue 4, Fall 1983, p. 23. [BJ57 N49])

A. Kohn. False Prophets: Fraud and Error in Science and Medicine. New York, NY: Basil Blackwell Inc., 1986. [Q172.5 F7 K64 1986]

P. Woolf. "Deception in Scientific Research" Jurimetrics Journal. Vol. 29, Fall 1988, p. 67.

N. Ben-Yehuda. "Deviance in Science" The British Journal of Criminology. Vol. 26, April 1988, p. 51.

A.S. Relman. "Essay -- Fraud in science: causes and remedies" Scientific American. April 1989, p. 126. [T1 S5]

C. Djerassi. Cantor's Dilemma. Doubleday: New York, 1989. [PS3554 J47 C36 1989]
See review in The Tech Vol. 111, Number 18, April 9, 1991.

A.H. Teich and M.S. Frankel. Good Science and Responsible Scientists: Meeting the Challenge of Fraud and Misconduct in Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Washington, D.C., 1991.

G.M. Bodner. "Ethics in Science" CHEMTECH. May 1991, p. 274. [TP1 C48]

R.J. Smith. "Scientific Fraud Probed at AAAS Meeting" Science. Vol. 228, 1991, p. 1292. [Q1 S35]

J. Knight. "Scientific Misconduct: The Rights of the Accused" Issues in Science and Technology. Fall 1991, p. 28. [Q225 I87]

D. Goodstein. "Scientific Fraud" The American Scholar. Autumn 1991, p. 505. [AP2 A4572]

J. Fielder. "Issues in Ethics: Misbehavior in Science" IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. March 1992, p. 71. [R856 A1 E53]

R. Bell. Impure Science: Fraud, Compromise, and Political Influence in Scientific Research. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1992. [Q175.37 B45 1992]

F. Grinnell. The Scientific Attitude -- 2nd Ed. New York: Guilford Press, 1992.

E.P. Richards, III. "Scientific Misconduct, Part 2: What Are Your Constitutional Rights?" IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. March 1992, p. 73. [R856 A1 E53]

E.P. Richards, III and C. Walter. "Scientific Misconduct, Part 3: Standards for Scientific Record Keeping" IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. June 1992, p. 88. [R856 A1 E53]

C. Walter and E.P. Richards, III. "Scientific Misconduct, Part 4: The Costs of Hubris" IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. September, 1992, p. 77. [R856 A1 E53]

L. Marsa. "Scientific Fraud" Omni. Vol. 14, 1992, p. 38. [AP2 O4]

P. Zurer. "Scientific Misconduct: Appeals hearing probes AIDS virus case" Chemical & Engineering News. June 14, 1993, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer. "Survey Finds Researchers Often Encounter Scientific Misconduct" Chemical & Engineering News. November 22, 1993, p. 24. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer. "Commission gets earful on scientific misconduct" Chemical & Engineering News. November 21, 1994, p. 41. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer. "Academies urge action on scientific misconduct" Chemical & Engineering News. February 14, 1994, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer. "Slow response to cancer research fraud blasted" Chemical & Engineering News. April 18, 1994, p. 7. [TP1 C35]

J. Van de Kamp and M.M. Cummings. "Misconduct and Fraud in the Life Sciences" National Library of Medicine Literature Search 87-14. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Several hundred instances of misconduct are cited. The publication may be requested by sending a self-addressed adhesive label to: Literature Search Program, Referee Section, National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894.

F.E. Bloom. "Scientific Conduct: Contrasts on a Gray Scale". Science. Vol. 268, June 23, 1995, p. 1679. [Q1 S35]

P.S. Zurer. "Commission On Research Integrity Reshaping Definition of Misconduct". Chemical & Engineering News. July 3, 1995, p. 14. [TP1 C35]

P.S. Zurer. "Scientific misconduct hearing neglects universities' role". Chemical & Engineering News. August 28, 1995, p. 33. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer, "SCIENTIFIC INTEGRITY Panel seeks to deter research misconduct" Chemical & Engineering News. September 25, 1995, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

J. Woodward and D. Goodstein, "Conduct, Misconduct and the Structure of Science" American Scientist. Vol. 84, Sept/Oct 1996, abstract available on-line. [LJ85 S502]

J. Kaiser, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Swift Justice Salvages Reputations" Science 1996 October 18; 274 (5286):338 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

L. Xiguang and X. Lei, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Chinese Researchers Debate Rash of Plagiarism Cases" Science 1996 October 18; 274 (5286):337 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Fraud Strikes Top Genome Lab" Science 1996 November 8; 274 (5289):908 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Doubts Cast on Leukemia Papers" Science 1996 November 8; 274 (5289):909 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

P. V. Walker, "Two Researchers Found Guilty of Misconduct" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Jan. 24, 1997, p. A21. [LB2300 C38x]

J. Kaiser, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: $1.6 Million Fraud Award Overturned" Science 1997 January 31; 275 (5300):610 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

"Editorial Ethics Questioned" Science 1997 February 21; 275 (5303):1055 (in ScienceScope). [Q1 S35]

"No Misconduct in 'Gay Gene' Study" Science 1997 February 28; 275 (5304):1251 (in ScienceScope). [Q1 S35]

J. Friedly, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: ORI's Self-Assessment: A Batting Average of .920?" Science 1997 February 28; 275 (5304):1255 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

"Fisher Absolved of Scientific Misconduct" Science 1997 March 7; 275 (5305):1407 (in ScienceScope). [Q1 S35]

J. Friedly, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Charges Fly Over Advocacy Research" Science 1997 March 7; 275 (5305):1411 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

L. Guernsey, "U. of Pittsburgh Researcher Cleared of Scientific-Misconduct Charges" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Mar. 14, 1997, p. A14.

C. K. Gunsalus, "Rethinking Unscientific Attitudes About Scientific Misconduct" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Mar. 28, 1997, p. B4.

P. V. Walker, "Three Researchers Guilty of Scientific Misconduct" The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 9, 1997, p. A37. [LB2300 C38x]

P. V. Walker, "Scientist Found Guilty of Misconduct" The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 23, 1997, p. A33. [LB2300 C38x]

B. Hileman, "Misconduct in Science Probed: Research institutions find misconduct investigations difficult because of evidence, confidentiality problems" Chemical & Engineering News. June 23, 1997, p. 24. [TP1 C35]

R. Koenig, "SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: Allegations Prompt Debate in Germany" Science 1997 July 11; 277 (5323):172 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

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The Norms of Science

C. J. Sindermann, "Winning the Games Scientists Play" (Plenum: New York, 1982).

H. Zuckerman. "Deviant Behavior and Social Control in Science" in Deviance and Social Change (Ed Sagarin, Ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, p. 87. [HM291 D483]

W. Schmaus. "Fraud and the Norms of Science" Science, Technology, & Human Values. Fall 1983. Vol. 8, #4, p. 12. [BJ57 N49]

J. Ziman. An introduction to science studies. Cambridge, GB: Cambridge Univ. Press. 1984. [Q175 Z53 1984]

C.J. List. "Scientific Fraud: Social Deviance or the Failure of Virtue?" Science, Technology, & Human Values. Fall 1985. Vol. 10, #4., p. 27. [BJ57 N49]

R.H. Brown. The Wisdom of Science. Cambridge, GB: Cambridge Univ. Press. 1986. [Q175 B7946 1986]

J. Cohen. "The Culture of Credit". Science. Vol. 268, June 23, 1995, p. 1706. [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall. "Dispute Slows Paper on "Remarkable" Vaccine". Science. Vol. 268, June 23, 1995, p. 1712. [Q1 S35]

J. Cohen. "Share and Share Alike Isn't Always the Rule in Science". Science. Vol. 268, June 23, 1995, p. 1715. [Q1 S35]

D. S. Zinberg, "A Cautionary Tale" Science. 1996 July 26; 273 (5274):411 (in Editorial). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "ETHICS IN SCIENCE: Is Data-Hoarding Slowing the Assault on Pathogens?" Science. 1997 February 7; 275 (5301):777 (in Biotechnology: Betting On the Genome; News). [Q1 S35]

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Peer Review

D.E. Chubin and E.J. Hackett, Peerless Science: Peer Review and U.S. Science Policy. NY: State University of New York Press, 1990. [Q127 U6 C48 1990]

R. Dagani, "New journal forgoes traditional peer review" Chemical & Engineering News. May 22, 1995, p. 26. [TP1 C35]

E. Marshall, "BIOTECHNOLOGY: Suit Alleges Misuse of Peer Review" Science 1995 December 22; 270 (5244):1912 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "BIOTECHNOLOGY: Peer Review: Written and Unwritten Rules" Science 1995 December 22; 270 (5244):1913 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

M. D. Adams and J. C. Venter, "Should Non-Peer-Reviewed Raw DNA Sequence Data Release Be Forced on the Scientific Community?" Science 1996 October 25; 274 (5287):534 (in The Genome Issue; Policy Forums). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "PEER REVIEW: Battle Ends in $21 Million Settlement" Science 1996 November 8; 274 (5289):911 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Kirschner, "Biotech firms settle suit charging data theft by peer reviewer" Chemical & Engineering News. November 11, 1996, p. 9. [TP1 C35]

D. L. Wheeler "A Scholar Outlines a Plan to Use Electronic Publishing to Change Peer Review" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Feb. 28, 1997, p. A28. [LB2300 C38x]

S. J. Fliesler, "Rethinking Grant Peer Review" Science 1997 March 7; 275 (5305):1399 (in Editorial). [Q1 S35]

W. Lepkowski, "Peer Review Adds Social Relevancy: National Science Board okays new system for NSF" Chemical & Engineering News, April 7, 1997, p. 9. [TP1 C35]

W. Lepkowski, "NAS in throes of change" Chemical & Engineering News, April 21, 1997, p. 29. [TP1 C35]

"Report on the NSF Merit Review System, FY 1996" Report NSB-97-13 (Revised) (National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, 1997); on-line version:

"National Science Board and National Science Foundation Staff Task Force on Merit Review Final Recommendations" Report NSB/MR-97-05 (National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, 1997); on-line version:

E. Marshall, "BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH: NIH Plans Peer-Review Overhaul" Science 1997 May 9; 276 (5314):888 (in News). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH: Review Panels Under Review" Science 1997 May 9; 276 (5314):889 (in News). [Q1 S35]

W. Lepkowski, "NRC shaken by court ruling" Chemical & Engineering News, May 12, 1997, p. 13. [TP1 C35]

"Who Needs Peer Review?" Science 1997 May 16; 276 (5315):1035 (in Random Samples). [Q1 S35]

M. Rouhi, "Study suggests Swedish peer review biased" Chemical & Engineering News. May 26, 1997, p. 10. [TP1 C35]

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Scientific Credit

P. Zurer, "Making federal cases out of disputes over scientific credit" Chemical & Engineering News, Feb. 24, 1997, p. 40. [TP1 C35]

R. L. Rawls, "Obesity gene battle shapes up: New uncoupling protein looks to be promising for antiobesity drugs, but who found its gene first?" Chemical & Engineering News. May 24, 1997, p. 44. [TP1 C35]

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The Myth of the Scientific Method

T.L. Brown and H.E. LeMay, Jr. Chemistry: The Central Science. 2nd Ed. NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc. 1981. [QD31.2 B78]

R.S. Root-Bernstein. "Setting the Stage for Discovery: Breakthroughs Depend on More Than Luck" The Sciences. May/June 1988, p. 26. [Q1 S814]

B. Patrusky. "On an Antidote for Science Phobia" Issues in Science and Technology. Fall 1988, p. 94. [Q225 I87]

H. Bauer. Scientific Literacy and the Myth of the Scientific Method. Univ. of Illinois Press. 1992. [Q175 B25 1992]

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Pathological Science

L.M. Branscomb. "Integrity in Science" American Scientist. Vol. 73, Sept/Oct 1985, p. 421. [LJ85 S502]

Irving M. Klotz. Diamond Dealers and Feather Merchants: Tales from the Sciences. Boston: Birkhauser, 1986. [Q173 K5735 1986]

I. Langmuir (transcribed and edited by Robert N. Hall). "Pathological Science" Physics Today, October 1989, p. 36. [QC1 P658]

D.L. Rousseau. "Case Studies in Pathological Science" American Scientist. Vol. 80. Jan/Feb 1992, p. 54.. [LJ85 S502]

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Science & Our Government

P. Zurer. "Divisive Dispute Smolders over Definition of Scientific Misconduct". Chemical & Engineering News. April 5, 1993, p. 23. [TP1 C35]

P. Gilmer. testimony in Maintaining the Integrity of Scientific Research. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology -- U.S. House of Representatives. No. 73. June 28, 1989.

W. Roush. "John Dingell: Dark Knight of Science" Technology Review. January 1992, p. 58. [T171 M47]

D. Hamilton. "Can OSI Withstand a Scientific Backlash?" Science. Vol. 253, p. 1084. [Q1 S35]

S. Begley. "The meaning of junk" Newsweek. March 22, 1993, p. 62. [AP2 N6772]

C. Myers. "NIH regulations on scientific misconduct said to contain no significant changes" The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 19, 1991, p. 15. [LB2300 C38x]

D.L. Wheeler. "U.S. has barred grants to six scientists in past two years" The Chronicle of Higher Education. July 3, 1991, p. A1. [LB2300 C38x]

D.L. Wheeler. "NIH office that investigates scientist's misconduct is target of widespread charges of incompetence" The Chronicle of Higher Education. May 15, 1991, p. A5. [LB2300 C38x]

B. Hileman "Researcher returns NIH funding in protest" Chemical & Engineering News. December 19, 1994, p. 30. [TP1 C35]

E. Dolnick. "Science Police" Discover. February 1994, p. 56. [Q1 D57] (Walter Stewart & Ned Feder)

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M.C. LaFollette. Stealing into Print: Fraud, Plagiarism, and Misconduct in Scientific Publishing. University of California Press, 1992. [Z286 S4 L33 1992] (Reviewed by: A.J. Bard, "Misconduct in Scientific Publishing", Chemical & Engineering News. May 31, 1993, p. 44. [TP1 C35])

M. Hunt. "A fraud that shook the world of science" New York Times Magazine. November 1, 1981, p. 1. [AP2 N675]

A.S. Brown and D.R. Murphy. "Cryptomnesia: Delineating indadvertent plagiarism" Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 15, 1989, p. 432. [BF1 J615]

D.S. Greenberg. "Academic fraud is no longer a family affair" Los Angeles Times, December 6, 1988, p. 7. [AN L6]

D. Campbell. "Ethical Issues in the Research Publication Process" In Ethical Dilemmas for Academic Professionals (S.L. Payne and B.H. Charnov, Eds.). Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, 1987, p. 69. [LB1779 E73 1987]

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F. von Hippel and R. Chalk, "Due Process for Dissenting Whistle-blowers" Technology Review. June/July 1979, p. 49. [T171 M47]

S. Bok, "Whistleblowing and the Professional Responsibilities" In Ethics Teaching in Higher Education (D. Callahan and S. Bok, Eds.). New York: Plenum Press, 1980, p. 277. [BJ66 E84]

Special Section: Whistle-blowing. The Scientist. Vol. 1, #27. Dec. 14, 1987, p. 11.

R. Sprague, "A Case of Whistleblowing in Research" Perspectives on the Professions. Vol. 8, 1989, p.4.

G. Taubes, "A Costly Settlement Ends Whistle-Blower Suit". Science. Vol. 263, February 4, 1994, p. 605. [Q1 S35]

government concentrates, Justice Department study slams FBI crime lab, Chemical & Engineering News, April 21, 1997, p. 28. [TP1 C35])

L. R. Ember, Report Jolts FBI Lab Into Reform: Whistle-blower's charges, partly upheld by Justice's inspector general, spur the fabled crime lab to alter practices, Chemical & Engineering News, June 16, 1997, p. 25. [TP1 C35])

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Ethics in Science Coursework

J. Kovac. The Ethical Chemist (case studies & commentaries). College of Liberal Arts, Department of Chemistry, 552 Buehler Hall, The University of Tennessee -- Knoxville, Knoxville, TN 37996-1600. Phone: (615) 974-3141. E-mail: Please remit $15 to cover printing and mailing costs. Checks payable to: The University of Tennessee.

R.J. Baum. Ethics and Engineering Curricula. Hastings-on-Hudson, NY: Hastings Center, 1980. [TA157 B343]

McArthur, Robert P.; Smith, Wayne L., "Ethics in science: Recombinant problems", J. Chem. Ed., 1982 59 839. [QD1 J93]

J.B. LaPidus and B. Mishkin. "Values and Ethics in the Graduate Education of Scientists" Ethics and Higher Education (W.W. May, ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., p. 283. [LA227.3 E87 1990]

P.J. Gilmer and M. Rashotte. "Marshalling the Resources of a Large State University: For an Interdisciplinary "Science, Technology, and Society" Course" Journal of College Science Teaching (JCST). December 1989/January 1990, p. 150. [Q181 A1 J57]

S.H. Cutcliffe. "The STS Curriculum: What Have We Learned in Twenty Years?" Science Technology & Human Values. Vol. 15, No. 3, Summer 1990, p. 360. [BJ57 N49]

S.G. Korenman, M.D. "Course Material: The Ethics of Research" UCLA School of Medicine. Copyright 1991. (case studies)

M.W. Kalichman and P.J. Friedman. "A pilot study of biomedicaltrainees' perceptions concerning research ethics" AcademicMedicine. Vol. 67, 1992, p. 769. [R11 A94]

F.L. Macrina and C.L. Munro. "Graduate Teaching in Principles of Scientific Integrity" Academic Medicine. Vol. 68, #12, Dec. 1993, p. 879. [R11 A94]

S.J. Reiser and E. Heitman. "Creating a Course on Ethics in the Biological Sciences" Academic Medicine. Vol. 68, #12, Dec. 1993, p. 876. [RA11 A94]

G.A. Sachs and M. Siegler. "Teaching Scientific Integrity and the Responsible Conduct of Research" Academic Medicine. Vol. 68, #12, Dec. 1993, p. 871. [RA11 A94]

M. Davis. "Ethics Across the Curriculum: Teaching Professional Responsibility in Technical Courses" Teaching Philosophy. 16:3, September, 1993, p. 205. [B52 T37]

D. Illman. "Courses Address Ethical Research Practices In The Chemical Sciences" Chemical & Engineering News. October 24, 1994, p. 38. [TP1 C35]

H.H. Bauer. "Letters: Ethical Research" Chemical & Engineering News. January 9, 1995, p. 2. [TP1 C35]

P. Keith-Spiegel, K. Aronson, and M. Bowman. "Scientific Misconduct: An Annotated Bibliography" Service Project Division Two (Teaching), American Psychological Association, Dept. of Psychological Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306-0520, 5/94.

P. Keith-Spiegel, H.Lee, R. Zinn-Monroe, and G.B. Spiegel. "Sensitizing Undergraduate Students to the Nature, Causes, Scope and Consequences of Research Fraud: Preliminary Report" P. Keith-Spiegel, Dept. of Psychological Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306-0520.

Teaching the Responsible Conduct of Research Through a Case Study Approach. American Association of Medical Colleges, Washington, D.C., 1994.

M.T. Beck and G.B. Kauffman, "Scientific Methodology and Ethics in University Education" J. Chem. Ed., Vol. 71, No. 11, November 1994, p. 922. [QD1 J93]

M. Kandel, "Presenting Scientific Ethics to Undergraduates", J. Chem. Ed., 1994 71 405. [QD1 J93]

Coppola, B. P.; Smith, D. H., "A Case for Ethics", J. Chem. Ed., 1996 73 33. [QD1 J93]

J. Kovac, Scientific Ethics in Chemical Education J. Chem. Ed., Vol. 73, No. 10, October 1996, p. 926. [QD1 J93]

C. K. Gunsalus, "Ethics: Sending Out the Message" Science, Science 1997 April 18; 276 (5311):335 (in Editorial). [Q1 S35]

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General Resources

N. Buckner and R. Wittlesey. Do Scientists Cheat? A videorecording produced, directed and written by Noel Buckner and Rob Wittlesey. A production of the Documentary Guild in association with WGBH Boston for NOVA. Publisher: Northbrook, Ill.: Coronet/MTI Film and Video, 1988.

G.J. Holton. The Scientific Imagination: Case Studies. Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press, 1978. [Q175 H775]

W.J. Broad & N. Wade. "Science's faulty fraud detectors" Psychology Today. November 1982, p. 51. [BF1 P783]

S.E. Fienberg, M.E. Martin, and M.L. Straf, eds. Sharing Research Data. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1985. [H61.8 S53 1985]

G. Holton. "Niels Bohr and the Integrity of Science" American Scientist. Vol. 74, May-June 1986, p. 237. [LJ85 S502]

L. Jaroff. "Crisis in the Labs" Time. August 26, 1991, p. 45. [AP2 T37]

B.J. Culliton and E. Rubinstein. "Inside the Gallo Probe" Science. June 22, 1990. Vol. 248, p. 1494. [Q1 S35]

D. Hamilton. "In the Trenches, Doubts About Scientific Integrity" Science. Vol 255, p. 1636. [Q1 S35]

M. Schroeder. "Did Westinghouse Keep Mum on PCBs?" Business Week. August 12, 1991, p. 68. [HF5001 B89]

D. Hamilton. "White Coats, Black Deeds -- The new scientific method: lie, cheat, and get good PR" The Washington Monthly. April 1990, p. 23. [E838 W37]

J. Hixson. The Patchwork Mouse. Garden City, NJ: Anchor, 1976. [RC267 H58]

P.B. Medawar. Advice to a Young Scientist. New York: Harper & Row, 1979. [Q147 M38 1979]

R. Brown and L. Krager. "Ethical Issues in Graduate Education: Faculty and Student Responsibilities" Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 56, 1985, p. 403. [LB2300 J55]

D. Nelkin. Science as Intellectual Property: Who Controls Research? New York: Macmillan, 1983.

J. Zatz. "Intellectual Property: An Academician's Perspective" American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. Vol 53, 1989, p. 346.

L. Lomasky. "Who Should Profit From the Business of Science?" Hastings Center Report. Vol. 17. June 1987, p.5. [R724 H27a]

J. Franklin. "Earth, Animals, and Poisoned Apples: How the Luddites are trashing science" Seminar delivered April 10, 1990 at Oregon State Univ. and April 11, 1990 at the University of Oregon. Jon Franklin, Dept. of Journalism, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-2211 (503) 737-3109.

D. Chubin. "Research Malpractice" Bioscience. Vol. 35. 1985, p. 80. [QH1 A277]

B. Barber. "Trust in Science" Minerva. Vol. 25, Spring/Summer 1987, p. 123. [AS121 M5]

D. Bok. "Balancing Responsibility and Innovation" Change. Vol. 14, 1982, p. 16. [LB2300 C43]

P.J. Friedman. "Controlling Conflict of Interest"Issues in Science and Technology. Fall 1991, p. 30. [Q225I87]

Editorial. "Why Scientific Fact is Sometimes Fiction" Economist. Vol. 302, 1987, p. 97. [HG11 E2]

R. Croll. "The Noncontributing Author: An Issue of Credit and Responsibility" Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. Vol. 27, 1984, p. 401.

National Science Foundation (45 CFR Part 689), "Misconduct in Science and Engineering" Federal Register -- Rules and Regulations, Vol. 56, No. 93, Tuesday, May 14, 1991, p. 22286. [J1 A2]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. "Responsibilities of Awardee and Applicant Institutions for Dealing with and Reporting Possible Misconduct in Science" Federal Register. Vol. 54, No. 151, August, 8, 1989, p. 32446. [J1 A2]

Committee on the Conduct of Science. National Academy of Science. On being a scientist. National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20418. [Q147 N27 1989]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports findings of scientific misconduct that have involved research funded by the NIH. Inform ation included in the reports include: researcher's name, place of employment, description of misconduct, and the penalty assessed by the NIH. For more information contact: NIH Guide, Printing and Reproductions Branch, National Institutes of Health, Room B4BN23, Building 31, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.

N. Schlager, ed. When Technology Fails: Significant Technological Disasters, Accidents, and Failures of the Twentieth Century. Washington, D.C.: Gale Research Inc., 1993. [TA169.5 W44 1994]

R. Gorlin, ed. Codes of Professional Responsibility. Washington, D.C.: BNA Books, 1994.

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Specific Cases


Council of Biology Editiors. Editorial Policy Committee, eds. Ethics and Policy in Scientific Publication. Bethesda, MD: Council of Biology Editors, Inc., 1990.

M. Kenny. Biotechnology: The University-Industrial Complex. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1986, p. 113.

G.P. Smith II. The New Biology: Law, Ethics, and Biotechnology. New York: Plenum Press, 1989. [TP248.2 S62 1989]

R. Rodd. Biology, Ethics, and Animals. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. [HV4708 R63 1990]

L. Kass. Toward A More Natural Science: Biology and Human Affairs. New York: Free Press, 1985. [R724 K318 1985]

B. Ribes. Biology and Ethics: Reflections Inspired by a UNESCO Symposium. Paris: UNESCO, 1978. [QH332 R52]

J. Harris. Wonderwoman and Superman: The Ethics of Human Biotechnology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. [RG133.5 H38 1992]

A. M. Thayer "Betting the transgenic farm" Chemical & Engineering News, April 28, 1997, p. 15. [TP1 C35]

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P.J. Hilts. "Science confronted with "crime waves" of researchers faking data in experiments" Los Angeles Times. March 4, 1981, p. 6. [AN L6]

K. Burman. "Hanging from the Masthead: Reflections on Authorship" Annals of Internal Medicine. Vol. 97, 1982, p. 602. [R11 A84]

W.J. Broad. "Harvard delays in reporting fraud" Science. Vol. 215, 1982, p. 478. [Q1 S35]

W.J. Broad. "Report absolves Harvard in case of fakery" Science. Vol 215, 1982, p. 875. [Q1 S35]

A.S. Relman. "Lessons from the Darsee affair" The New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 208, 1983, p. 1415. [R11 B7]

R.G. Petersdorf. "A Matter of Integrity" Academic Medicine. Vol. 64, 1984, p. 119. [R11 A94]

T.A. Mappes and J.S. Zembaty. Biomedical Ethics, 2nd Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986. [R724 B49 1986]

E. Marshall. "San Diego's Tough Stand on Research Fraud" Science. Vol. 234, Oct. 31, 1986, p. 534. [Q1 S35]

J.S. Bach, Ed. Biomedical Ethics: Opposing Viewpoints. St. Paul, Minn: Greenhaven Press, 1987. [R724 B492 1987]

The Responsible Conduct of Research in the Health Sciences. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1989.

P.J. Friedman. "A Last Call for Self-Regulation of Biomedical Research" Academic Medicine. Vol. 64, 1989, p.502. [R11 A94]

J.A. Smith and K.M. Boyd, Eds. Lives in the Balance: The Ethics of using Animals in Biomedical Research. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. [R853 A53 E74 1991]

P.J. Friedman. "Mistakes and Fraud in Medical Research"Law, Medicine, and Health Care. Vol. 20, 1992, p. 25.

D.J. Miller and M. Hersen, Eds. Research fraud in the behavioral and biomedical sciences. New York: Wiley, 1992. [Q180.55 M67 R47 1992]

K.E. Freedland and R.M. Carney. "Data management and accountability in behavioral and biomedical research" American Psychologist. Vol. 47, 1992, p. 640. [BF1 A55]

A.G. Gift, J. Creasia, and B. Parker. "Utilizing research assistants and maintaining integrity" Research in Nursing and Health. Vol. 14, p. 229.

Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy, Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress, 1993.

P.J. Friedman, ed. "Integrity in Biomedical Research"Academic Medicine. Vol. 68, #9, 1993 (Special Supplement- Sept. 1993). [R11 A94]

E.B. Brody. Biomedical Technology and human rights. Dartmouth Publ. Co., 1993. [R724 B757 1993]

J. Cohen. "Army Clears Redfield -- But Fails to Resolve Controversy". Science. Vol. 261, August 13, 1993, p. 824. [Q1 S35]

T.L. Beauchamp and J.F. Childress. Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. [R724 B36 1994]

M. Jacobs. "Schools pay $1.6 million in science fraud case" Chemical & Engineering News. August 1, 1994, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

C. Anderson. "How Not to Publicize a Misconduct Finding". Science. Vol. 263, March 25, 1994, p. 1679. [Q1 S35]

G. Cowley, A. Murr, and K. Springen. "Ethics and Embryos: Did A Renowned Fertility Doctor Play God While He Made Babies?". Newsweek. June 12, 1995, p. 66. [AP2 N6772]

K. L. Hudson, K. H. Rothenberg, L. B. Andrews, M. J. Ellis Kahn, F. S. Collins, "Genetic Discrimination and Health Insurance: An Urgent Need for Reform" Science 1995 October 20; 270 (5235):391 (in Policy Forum). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "CORD BLOOD: Clinical Promise, Ethical Quandary" Science 1996 February 2; 271 (5249):586 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

C. Holden, "ETHICS: Draft Research Code Raises Hackles" Science 1996 December 6; 274 (5293):1604 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: Panel Urges Cloning Ethics Boards" Science 1997 January 3; 275 (5296):22 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

C. Cordes, "Scientist Accused of Violating Ban on Embryo Research" The Chronicle of Higher Education. Jan. 17, 1997, p. A35.

E. Marshall, "BIOMEDICAL ETHICS: Embryologists Dismayed by Sanctions Against Geneticist" Science 1997 January 24; 275 (5299):472 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

"Georgetown Geneticist Resigns Over Research" The Chronicle of Higher Education. Feb. 14, 1997, p. A8.

N. Williams, "EMBRYOLOGY: Cloning Sparks Calls for New Laws" Science 1997 March 7; 275 (5305):1415 (in Research News). [Q1 S35]

government concentrates, "Clinton, Congress move to restrict human cloning" Chemical & Engineering News, March 10, 1997, p. 33. [TP1 C35]

K. Haworth and K. Strosnider, "Controversy Grows Over Cloning Research as Scientists Report new Breakthroughs" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Mar. 14, 1997, p. A14.

R. Baum, "Playing God" Chemical & Engineering News, March 24, 1997, p. 47. [TP1 C35]

"Group Brands AIDS Trials Unethical" Science 1997 April 25; 276 (5312):519 (in ScienceScope). [Q1 S35]

J. Cohen, "AIDS Trials Ethics Questioned" Science 1997 April 25; 276 (5312):520 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

J. Cohen, "AIDS: Ethics of AZT Studies in Poorer Countries Attacked" Science 1997 May 16; 276 (5315):1022 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

E. Marshall, "GENE PATENTS: Sequencers Call for Faster Data Release" Science 1997 May 23; 276 (5316):1189 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

"Scholars' Group Defends Cloning" Science 1997 May 30; 276 (5317):1341 (in Random Samples). [Q1 S35]

R. Weiss, "Bioethics Panel Urges Ban on Human Cloning" The Washington Post, June 8, 1997, p. A19.

E. Marshall, "BIOMEDICAL ETHICS: Clinton Urges Outlawing Human Cloning" Science 1997 June 13; 276 (5319):1640 (in News & Comment). [Q1 S35]

government concentrates, "Bioethics Commission wants legislative ban on human cloning" Chemical & Engineering News, June 16, 1997, p. 24. [TP1 C35]

H. T. Shapiro, "Ethical and Policy Issues of Human Cloning" Science 1997 July 11; 277 (5323):195 (in Policy Forum). [Q1 S35]

C. Baker, "Your Genes, Your Choices" An on-line book that describes the ethical, legal, and social issues of the Human Genome Project. Produced by the AAAS Directorate for Education and Human Resources  with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy.

R. Martin, A. C. Reese, E. W. Browne, and J. Baros-Johnson, "THE DOCTORS DILEMMA, ESSENTIALS OF MEDICAL ETHICS" CD-ROM,, released summer 1997.

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P. Zurer. "Misconduct cases include two chemists". Chemical & Engineering News. [TP1 C35]

J.S. Dodd, Ed. The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1986. Ethical guidelines associated with the publication of chemical research (Ethical obligations of authors, editors of journals, reviewers of manuscripts, and scientists publishing outside the scientific literature). [QD8.5 A25 1986]

S. Stinson. "Chemical research fraud uncovered in Germany" Chemical & Engineering News. June 27, 1994, p. 7. [TP1 C35]

M. Heylin. "Editor's Page: Responsible Science" Chemical & Engineering News. June 27, 1994, p. 3. [TP1 C35]

G. Zadel, C. Eisenbraun, G-J. Wolff, and E. Breitmaier. "Enantioselective Reactions in a Static Magnetic Field" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Vol. 33, No. 4, 1994, p. 454. [QD1 A67] (fraudulent paper)

P. Golitz. "Enantioselective Reactions in a Static Magnetic Field -- A False Alarm!" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Vol. 33, No. 14, 1994, p. 1457. [QD1 A67]

B.L. Feringa, R.M. Kellogg, R. Hulst, C. Zondervan, and W.H. Kruizinga. "Attempts to Carry Out Enantioselective Reactions in a Static Magnetic Field" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Vol. 33, No. 14, 1994, p. 1458. [QD1 A67]

G. Kaupp and T. Marquardt. "Absolute Asymmetric Synthesis Solely under the Influence of a Static Homogeneous Magnetic Field?" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Vol. 33, No. 14, 1994, p. 1459. [QD1 A67]

E. Breitmaier. "No Enantioselective Reactions in a Static Magnetic Field" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Vol. 33, No. 14, 1994, p. 1461. [QD1 A67]

Government Concentrates. "Florida men sentenced to jail in fatal waste-dumping case" Chemical & Engineering News. October 24, 1994, p. 17. [TP1 C35]

Government Concentrates. "Lab, employees indicted for false test data". Chemical & Engineering News. October 5, 1992, p. 49. [TP1 C35]

R. Pool. "Alchemy Altercation at Texas A&M". Science. Vol. 262, November 26, 1993, p. 1367. [Q1 S35]

S. Begley and S. Levin. "All That Glitters Isn't Chemistry: Does academic freedom protect a professor who wants to be an alchemist?" Newsweek. January 10, 1994, p. 54. [AP2 N6772]

S. Borman. "19th-Century Chemist Kekule' Charged With Scientific Misconduct". Chemical & Engineering News. August 23, 1993, p. 20. [TP1 C35]

P. Zurer. "Chemistry panel weights misconduct cases" Chemical & Engineering News. March 21, 1994, p. 18. [TP1 C35]

G.B. and L.M. Kauffman. "The Ethics of Louis Pasteur". Chemical & Engineering News. August 7, 1995, p. 32. [TP1 C35]; A review of: Gerald L. Geison, The Private Science of Louis Pasteur (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995).

Stu Borman. "Chemists Reminisce On 50th Anniversary Of The Atomic Bomb: They recall their work on the Manhattan Project, the first atomic bomb test, and the ethics of using the bomb against Japan". Chemical & Engineering News. July 17, 1995, p. 53. [TP1 C35]

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J. Jacky. "Programmed for Disaster: Software Errors That Imperil Lives" The Sciences. Sept./Oct. 1989, p. 22.

D.B. Parker, S. Swope, and B.N. Baker. Ethical Conflicts in Information and Computer Science, Technology , and Business. Wellesley, Mass: QED Information Sciences, 1990. [HF5387 P367 1990].

M.D. Ermann, M.B. Williams, and C. Gutierrez, Eds. Computers, Ethics, and Society. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. [QA76.9 C66 C6575 1990]

D.G. Johnson. Computer Ethics, 2nd. Ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1994. [QA76.9 M65 J64 1994]

T. Forester and P. Morrison. Computer Ethics: Cautionary Tales and Ethical Dilemmas in Computing. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1994. [QA76.9 M65 F67 1994]

Rights and Responsibilities of Participants in Networked Communities. National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 1994.

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R.J. Baum and A. Flores, Eds. Ethical Problems in Engineering, 2nd Ed. Troy, NY: Center for the Study of the Human Dimensions of Science and Technology, 1980. [TA157 E74 1980]

J.H. Schaub and K. Pavlovic. Engineering Professionalism and Ethics. Malabar, Fla: Krieger Publ. Co., 1986. [TA157 E623 1986]

M.W. Martin and R. Schinzinger. Ethics in Engineering, 2nd Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989. [TA157 M33 1989]

E. Schlossberger. The Ethical Engineer. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993. [TA157 S383 1993]

S.H. Unger. Controlling Technology: Ethics and the Responsible Engineer, 2nd Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. [TA157 U53 1994]

C. Whitbeck. Understanding Ethical Problems in Engineering Practice and Research. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

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The Baltimore Affair

D. Weaver, M.H. Reis, C. Albanese, F. Costantini, D. Baltimore, and T. Imanishi-Kari. "Altered Repertoire of Endogenous Immunoglobulin Gene Expression in Transgenic Mice Containing a Rearranged Mu Heavy Chain Gene" Cell, Vol. 45, April 25, 1986, p. 247. [QH573 C36] (paper suspected to be fraudulent)

D. Baltimore. "Self-Regulation of Science" Technology Review. August/September 1989, p. 20. [T171 M47]

D. Charles. "Last act of American science 'soap opera' " New Scientist. March 30, 1991 p.8. [Q1 N52]

D.P. Hamilton. "Baltimore Throws in the Towel" Science. Vol. 252. May 10, 1991, p. 768. [Q1 S35].

B. Ehrenreich. "Science, Lies and The Ultimate Truth" Time. May 20, 1991, p. 66. [AP2 T37]

P. Zurer. "Researcher found guilty of falsifying data" Chemical & Engineering News. December 5, 1994, p. 8. [TP1 C35]

C. Myers. "NIH report on misconduct may lead colleges to deal with charges more aggressively" The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 3, 1991, p. 21. [LB2300 C38x]

Judy Sarasohn. Science on trial: The whistle-blower, the accused, and the Nobel laureate. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. [QR185.5 S37 1993]

P. Zurer. "In scientific misconduct cases, justice isn't always blind" Chemical & Engineering News. June 24, 1996, p. 31. [TP1 C35]

R. Rawls. "IMANISHI-KARI CLEARED HHS panel rejects misconduct charges" Chemical & Engineering News. July 1, 1996, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

J. Long, "David Baltimore named president of Caltech" Chemical & Engineering News, May 19, 1997, p. 13. [TP1 C35]

K. Strosnider, "Caltech Names the Nobel Laureate David Baltimore as Its Next President" The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 23, 1997, p. A36. [LB2300 C38x]

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Breast Implants

F.B. Vasey and J. Feldstein. The Silicone Breast Implant Controversy: What Women Need to Know. Freedom, Calif.: Crossing Press, 1993. [RD539.8 V38 1993]

T. Smart. "Breast Implants: What did the industry know, and when?" Business Week. June 10, 1991, p. 94. [HF5001 B89]

T. Smart. "This Man Sounded the Silicone Alarm -- in 1976" Business Week. January 27, 1992, p. 34. [HF5001 B89]

J. Fielder. "Issues in Ethics: Breast Implants" IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. June 1992, p. 86. [R856 A1 E53]

J.A. Byrne. "Here's what to do next, Dow Corning" Business Week. February 24, 1992, p. 33. [HF5001 B89]

P. Park and P. Brown. "Compound from breast implants linked to cancer" New Scientist. May 11, 1991, p. 14. [Q1 N52]

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Cold Fusion

M. Fleischmann and S. Pons. "Electrochemically induced nuclear fusion of deuterium" J. Electroanal. Chem. Vol. 261, 1989, p. 301. [QD551 J6] (first journal report)

R.D. Petrasso, X. Chen, K.W. Wenzel, R.R. Parker, C.K. Li, and C. Fiore. "Problems with the gamma-ray spectrum in the Fleischmann et al. experiments" Nature. Vol. 339, May 18, 1989, p. 183. [Q1 N2]

M. Fleischmann, S. Pons, and R.J. Hoffman. "Measurement of gamma-rays from cold fusion" Nature. Vol. 339, June 29, 1989, p. 667. [Q1 N2]

C. Anderson. "Cold fusion tempest at MIT" Nature. Vol. 353, Sept. 12, 1991, p. 98. [Q1 N2]

R. Dagani. "Cold Fusion takes a licking, but keeps on ticking" Chemical and Engineering News. April 6 1992, p. 6. [TP1 C35]

N. Hall. "Of fusion, Nobels and nobility" New Scientist. May 6, 1989, p. 28. [Q1 N52]

D. Lindley. "Commentary: The embarrassment of cold fusion" Nature. Vol. 344. March 29, 1990, p. 375. [Q1 N2]

F. Close. Too Hot To Handle. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1991. [QC791.775 C64 C56 1991]

J.R. Huizenga. Cold Fusion: The Scientific Fiasco of the Century. Rochester, NY: U. Rochester Press, 1992. [QC791.775 C64 H85 1992] (Reviewed by: D. Williams. "Proof, Process and Lessons from Cold Fusion" Physics Today. January, 1993, p. 73. [QC1 P658])

G. Taubes. Bad Science: The Short Life & Hard Times of Cold Fusion. New York: Random House, 1993. [QC791.775 C64 T38 1993]

R. Dagani. "Latest Cold Fusion Results Fail To Win Over Skeptics" Chemical & Engineering News. June 14, 1993, p. 38. [TP1 C35]

R. Dagani. "Cold Fusion Believer Turned Skeptic Crusades for More Rigorous Research". Chemical & Engineering News. June 5, 1995, p. 34. [TP1 C35]

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Human Genome

Nova videotape. "Genetic Gamble" A production of WGBH and Beach Media, Inc. Northbrook, IL: Coronet Film and Video, 1985.

Editorial. "Ethics and the human genome" Nature. Vol. 351, June 29, 1991, p. 591. [Q1 N2]

American Association for the Advancement of Science. The Genome, Ethics, and the Law. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1992.

G.J. Annas and S. Elias, Eds. Genome Mapping: Using Law and Ethics as Guides. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. [RB155 G3585 1992]

.J. Kevles and L. Hood, Eds. The Code of Codes: Scientific and Social Issues in the Human Genome Project. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1992. [RB155 C575 1992]

The British Medical Association. Our Genetic Future: The Science and Ethics of Genetic Technology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. [TP248.6 O97 1992]

D.J. Kevles. "Social and Ethical Issues in the Human Genome Project" National Forum. Vol. 73, 1993, p. 18.

K. Haworth "Head of Human Genome Project Retracts 5 Journal Articles" The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 8, 1996, p. A11. [LB2300 C38x].

R. Koenig, "GENOME RESEARCH: Watson Urges 'Put Hitler Behind Us' " Science. 1997 May 9; 276 (5314):892 (in News). [Q1 S35]

K. Rothenberg, B. Fuller, M. Rothstein, T. Duster, M. J. Ellis Kahn, R. Cunningham, B. Fine, K. Hudson, M.-C. King, P. Murphy, G. Swergold, F. Collins, "Genetic Information and the Workplace: Legislative Approaches and Policy Challenges" Science. 1997 March 21; 275 (5307):1755 (in Policy Forum). [Q1 S35]

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B.V. Derjaguin and N.V. Churaev. "Nature of anomalous water" Nature. Vol. 244, 1973, p. 430. [Q1 N2]

J. Donohue. "Structure of Polywater". Science. Vol. 166, November 21, 1969, p. 1000. [Q1 S35]

L. Allen and P. Kollman. "A theory of anomalous water" Science. Vol. 167, March 13, 1970, p. 1443. [Q1 S35]

R. Davis. "Polywater in history" Chemical & Engineering News. Vol 48, September 28, 1970, p. 78. [TP1 C35]

J. Hildebrand. "Polywater is hard to swallow" Science. Vol. 168, June 19, 1970, p. 1397. [Q1 S35]

S. Kurtin, C. Mead, W. Mueller, B. Kurtin, and E. Wolf. "Polywater: A hydrosol?" Science, Vol. 167, March 27, 1970, p. 1720. [Q1 S35]

J. Linnett. "Structure of Polywater" Science. Vol. 167, March 27, 1970, p. 1719. [Q1 S35]

E. Lippincott, K. Stromberg, W. Grant, and G. Cessac. "Polywater" Science. Vol. 164, June27, 1969, p. 1482. [Q1 S35]

D. Rousseau and S. Porto. "Polywater: Polymer or Artifact?" Science. Vol 167, March 27, 1970, p. 1715. [Q1 S35]

D.L. Rousseau. "An alternative explanation for polywater." Journal of Collid and Interface Science. Vol. 36, Number 4, p. 434. [QD549 J67]

D.L. Rousseau. "Polywater and sweat: similarities between the infrared spectra." Science. Vol. 171, 1971, p. 170. [Q1 S35]

W. Sullivan. "Startling prospect of a new form of water" New York Times, June 28, 1970, p. 73. [AN N47]

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Ver. 2.1.1, updated: 7/18/1997
[ Ethics in Science Page at Va Tech. ]

This hypermedia page resides in the Department of Chemistry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0212.