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Microscopy uses radiation and optics to obtain a magnified image of an object. The resolution of the imaging is limited by the minimum focus of the radiation due to diffraction. For light microscopy the diffraction limit is approximately 1 um (10-6 m) and for high-resolution electron microscopy the limit is approximately 1 Å (10-10 m). Several new imaging techniques use very sharp tips or probes to acheive atomic-scale resolution (AFM, STM), or to obtain optical images below the diffraction limit (NFOM).

Specific Microscopy Techniques

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